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Stikala

Stikala so najpomembnejši del mehanske tipkovnice. Od njih so odvisni upor, hitrost, zvok in povratne informacije med tipkanjem.

Najbolj razširjena in najbolj uporabljena so Cherry MX stikala.

Poznamo več vrst mehanskih stikal, a v osnovi se delijo v linearna in taktilna. Pri taktilnih stikalih občutimo kdaj je tipkovnica registrirala pritisk, pri linearnih pa ne.

Najbolj razširjena in najbolj uporabljena so Cherry MX stikala. Ja taisti legendarni Cherry, poznan po svojih brezčasnih tipkovnicah, ki jih še vedno proizvajajo in jih lahko kupite (poleg ostale Cherry ponudbe) tudi pri nas.

Poleg Cherry stikal lahko v mehanskih tipkovnicah najdemo stika "Alps", "Topre", pred kratkim pa je svoja lastna mehanska stikala predstavil tudi Razer.

Cherry MX stikala

Cherry MX stikala so mehanična stikala sestavljena iz vzmeti in dveh metalnih kontaktov. Vsa Cherry MX stikala uporabljajo pozlačene kontakte kar močno poveča življensko dobo. Vsa Cherry MX stikala imajo 4mm hoda in registrirajo pritisk tipke pri 2mm. Najbolj razširjena MX stikala so modra, rjava, rdeča, črna in prozorna.

Vsa Cherry MX stikala imajo 4mm hoda in registrirajo pritisk tipke pri 2mm.

Cherry MX Black

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 60cN

Cherry MX Black stikala so ena izmed prvih mehanskih stikal, ki so bila na voljo javnosti. So linearna, kar pomeni, da ne dobimo povratne informacije o pritisku tipke. Točka pritiska (Actuation) in točka povratka (Reset) sta na isti poziciji. To omogoča lažje hitro tapkanje iste tipke. Zaradi tega so črna (in rdeča) stikala iskana med gamerji, po drugi strani pa za pisanje niso najbolj priporočljiva.

Cherry MX Brown

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 55cN

Cherry MX Brown stikala so nekje vmes med stikali za pisanje ter stikali za gaming. So taktilna stikala, kar pomeni da dobimo povratno informacijo o pritisku tipke. Na polovici pritiska (2mm) imajo rjava stikala nežen "klik", s katerim občutimo pritisk tipke. So tišja ter za pritisk potrebujejo manjšo silo kot modra stikala.

Cherry MX Blue

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 60cN

Cherry MX Blue stikala so najprimernejša za pisanje, saj imajo izrazito povratno informacijo o pritisku. Posledično imajo tudi glasen "klik".

Cherry MX Clear

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 65cN

Cherry MX Clear stikala manj pogosteje najdemo v tipkovnicah. Stikala so precej podobna MX Brown seriji, le da imajo močnejši povratni odziv, niso pa tako glasna kot MX Blue serija. Občutek pri tipkanju je podoben kot na membranskih tipkovnicah.

Cherry MX Red

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 45cN

Cherry MX Red so, tako kot črna serija, linearna stikala brez povratnega odziva. Razlika med njima je le v trdoti. Rdeča stikala za pritisk potrebujejo manj sile in posledično omogočajo nežnejše oz. gladkejše tipkanje, a se hkrati s tem tudi povečuje možnost tipkarskih napak.

Razer stikala

Razer je v svoji seriji BlackWidow 2014 predstavil lastna zelena in oranžna stikala.

Ta stikala so po obliki in delovanju precej podobna Cherry stikalom, le da pritisk zaznajo nekoliko prej (pri 1,9 mm). Prav tako manjša razlika med točko pritiska in točko povratka. Zelena Razer stikala so po svojem principu podobna modrim Cherry stikalom in imajo glasen "klik". Oranžna pa so tišja in podobna rjavim Cherry stikalom. Razer stikala so primarno namenjena gamingu.

Razer stikala so primarno namenjena gamingu.

Razer Green

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 50 G

Klasika. Taktilno stikalo z občutnim in glasnim povratnim odzivom. Celotni hod tipke je 4.0 mm. Stikalo se aktivira že pri 1.9 mm resetira pa se pri 1.5 mm.

Demonstracija.

Razer Orange

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 45 G

Taktilno stikalo z občutnim a tišjim povratnim odzivom. Celotni hod tipke je 4.0 mm. Stikalo se aktivira že pri 1.9 mm resetira pa se pri 1.85 mm. Krajša pot med aktivacijo in resetiranjem omogoča hitrejše klike hkrati pa lahko privede do nenamernih klikov.

Demonstracija.

Razer Yellow

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 45 G

Najtišje Razer stikalo, ki je za razliko od prejšnih dveh linearno, kar pomeni da nima značilnega občutnega povratnega odziva.  Celotni hod tipke je 3.5 mm. Stikalo se aktivira že pri 1.2 mm resetira pa se pri 1.15 mm. Poleg krajše poti med aktivacijo in resetiranjem ima tudi krajši celotni hod, kar temu stikalu omogoča še hitrejše klike.

Demonstracija.

Razer Opto-Mechanical

Potrebna moč za pritisk: 45 G

Za razliko od predhodnih mehanskih stikal to stikalo preverja položaj tipke s svetlobo. To omogoča večjo odzivnost saj je ta signal čistejši od klasičnega in ga računalnik hitreje zazna. Celotni hod tipke je 3.5 mm. Stikalo se aktivira pri 1.5 mm resetira pa skoraj na istem mestu. Ta stikala imajo enkrat daljšo življensko dobo od klasičnih mehanskih stikal.

Demonstracija.

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